Daily Ancient Magic #14: „Verse points“ in magical texts

In ancient magic texts, especially in the Demotic and Coptic ones, not only red ink was used to mark the structure of a ritual instruction. Frequently, black and red dots are also found within the texts at mid-line height or even higher. These dots were used to separate individual parts of sentences, related contents and the names of higher powers. In research, they are called „verse points“.

In the photograph, red points in the papyrus are marked which separate the names of individual deities from each other.


Photo: Inv. no. AMS 65, (C) Rijksmuseum van Oudheden.
Link to the papyrus: https://www.rmo.nl/collectie/collectiezoeker/collectiestuk/?object=172306